شرکت کنندگان اقدام جمعی، nonparticipants و ناظران: استفاده از رسانه و دخالت دانش آموز در 7 آوریل 2010 در بیشکک، قرقیزستان
Abstract: Individuals in collective actions are generally classified as either participants or nonparticipants. However, observers witnessing collective actions can also play an interesting and important role. This thesis explores the differences between participants, nonparticipants, and observers during the April 7, 2010 demonstrations in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Based on data collected via a survey of third- and fourth-year university students in Bishkek, I argue that observers represent a separate group from the participants and nonparticipants. Statistical analyses, including t-tests and multinomial logit models, show that some of the key factors differentiating observers, participants, and nonparticipants include sympathy for the demands of the demonstrations, gender, risk-taking propensity, and geographical location relative to the demonstration sites. One of the ambivalent factors dividing these groups in the Bishkek context appears to be media and information and communications technology (ICT) use. On most measures, participants, nonparticipants and observers had similar rates of media and ICT use, but observers and participants did have higher rates of using and posting to the Internet than nonparticipants. These findings provide empirical data for scholars examining the role of ICTs in collective action involvement.
Keywords: Collective action involvement,Demonstrations,Kyrgyzstan,Media use,Mobilization, Political behavior