خستگی شفقت و همدلی در پرستاران مراقبت از مشتریان با HIV / AIDS
Abstract: Nurses providing health care for clients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) must empathize with clients who are often experiencing physical, psychological, and spiritual distress resulting in the risk of increasing compassion fatigue (CF). Nurses suffering from compassion fatigue experience detrimental work-related, physical and emotional symptoms that could impair their ability to provide effective client care and increase the risk of work dissatisfaction and burnout. The literature review reveals a knowledge gap about the relationship between nurses’ empathy and CF in clients diagnosed with HIV or AIDS. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship that exists between CF and empathy in nurses certified in HIV/AIDS care with over two years of caring for clients with HIV/AIDS. The conceptual framework that guided this study is a combination of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring (2009; Fawcett, & DeSanto-Madeya, 2012) and Charles Figley’s (1995) Compassion Fatigue Model. The study was a non-experimental descriptive correlational design. The Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL- version V) scale, and Jefferson Scale of Empathy measured compassion satisfaction and fatigue, burnout, and empathy in a sample of 107 certified registered nurses working in HIV/AIDS care with over two years experience. Descriptive statistics and correlational analysis were used to assess the relationship between compassion fatigue and empathy, and to help describe the hypotheses results. The findings suggest that a relationship does exist between CF and empathy in nurses having over two years of experience caring for HIV/AIDS clients.