Abstract: The right-to-die movement has a rich history in the United States. It is a topic that has been vigorously debated on television and in courtrooms. This historical analysis explores the societal, political and historical context as it relates to right-to-die legislation. The effects of eugenics as well as relatively recent advances in medical technology are also explored as related to complications within the dying process. Cultural implications of right-to-die legislation are explored in regard to both patients who utilize these bills and the physicians who face their own cultural barriers. The effects of right-to-die legislation are examined as they relate to social work and medical ethics in order to understand implications for practice and future research.