دانشگاه: State University of New York at Stony Brook
: 2.84 MB
Abstract: Synthesis and processing of novel materials with various advanced approaches have attracted much attention of engineers and scientists for the past thirty years. Many advanced materials display a number of exceptional properties and can be produced with different novel processing techniques. For example, AlN is a promising candidate for electronic, optical and opto-electronic applications due to its high thermal conductivity, high electrical resistivity, high acoustic wave velocity and large band gap. Large bulk AlN crystal can be produced by sublimation of AlN powder. Novel nonostructured multicomponent refractory metal-based ceramics (carbides, borides and nitrides) show a lot of exceptional mechanical, thermal and chemical properties, and can be easily produced by pyrolysis of suitable preceramic precursors mixed with metal particles. The objective of this work is to study sublimation and synthesis of AlN powder, and synthesis of SiC-based metal ceramics. For AlN sublimation crystal growth, we will focus on modeling the processes in the powder source that affect significantly the sublimation growth as a whole. To understand the powder porosity evolution and vapor transport during powder sublimation, the interplay between vapor transport and powder sublimation will be studied. A physics-based computational model will be developed considering powder sublimation and porosity evolution. Based on the proposed model, the effect of a central hole in the powder on the sublimation rate is studied and the result is compared to the case of powder without a hole. The effect of hole size on the sublimation rate will be studied. The effects of initial porosity, particle size and driving force on the sublimation rate are also studied. Moreover, the optimal growth condition for large diameter crystal quality and high growth rate will be determined. For synthesis of SiC-based metal ceramics, we will focus on developing a multi-scale process model to describe the dynamic behavior of filler particle reaction, microstructure evolution, at the microscale as well as transient fluid flow, heat transfer, and species transport at the macroscale. The model comprises of (i) a microscale model and (ii) a macroscale transport model, and aims to provide optimal conditions for the fabrication process of the ceramics. The porous media macroscale model for SiC-based metal-ceramic materials processing will be developed to understand the thermal polymer pyrolysis, chemical reaction of active fillers and transport phenomena in the porous media. The macroscale model will include heat and mass transfer, curing, pyrolysis, chemical reaction and crystallization in a mixture of preceramic polymers and submicron/nano-sized metal particles of uranium, zirconium, niobium, or hafnium. The effects of heating rate, sample size, size and volume ratio of the metal particles on the reaction rate and product uniformity will be studied. The microscale model will be developed for modeling the synthesis of SiC matrix and metal particles. The macroscale model provides thermal boundary conditions to the microscale model. The microscale model applies to repetitive units in the porous structure and describes mass transport, composition changes and motion of metal particles. The unit-cell is the representation unit of the source material, and it consists of several metal particles, SiC matrix and other components produced from the synthesis process. The reactions between different components, the microstructure evolution of the product will be considered. The effects of heating rate and metal particle size on species uniformity and microstructure are investigated.
Keywords: Aluminum nitride,Ceramics,Composites,Modeling,Powders, Silicon carbide-based metal ceramics