Abstract: Although deferred tax liabilities represent a significant liability for most firms, prior research provides mixed evidence concerning investors\' valuation of these items. Using an expanded data set of hand-collected tax footnotes, I examine (1) whether investors recognize depreciation-related deferred tax liabilities as economic burdens, and if so, (2) how investors measure the effect of these liabilities. I find evidence suggesting that investors price depreciation-related deferred tax liabilities as economic burdens and show that my primary findings are robust to the use of a changes-based methodology. I also examine various factors that could affect investors\' measurement of these liabilities. In doing so, I develop a new method to identify tax-sensitive firms to implement my tests. This method incorporates forward-looking profit expectations without a look-ahead bias. Finally, I provide evidence of circumstances where investors discount deferred tax liabilities despite current accounting standards prohibiting managers from discounting these deferred tax liabilities in the reported financial statements. As depreciation-related deferred tax liabilities are among the largest and most common deferred tax liabilities, my study provides important insights into investors\' valuation of firms\' tax planning.
Keywords: Deferred tax liabilities,Depreciation,Discounting, Firm value