احساسات مثبت و منفی: جنبه های مهم انعطاف پذیری در حالی که مقابله با آسیب تروماتیک
Abstract: The current study investigated the impact of positive and negative emotions on one\'s coping abilities following either a motor vehicle accident (MVA) or work-related injury. Fredrickson\'s (e.g. 1998, 2000) broaden-and-built theory was used to generate hypotheses regarding improved coping outcomes with the use of positive emotions, as related to the construct resilience. A total of 104 participants were initially assessed using two measures: one designed to assess emotional, physical, and cognitive coping; one assessing resources, including the use of emotions. The final assessment, approximately six months later, included 38 cases and involved re-administration of the coping instrument. The analysis of the results confirmed the significance of emotions as an important resource influencing coping in the sample. The use of positive emotions was powerfully positively associated with better coping at initial assessment. The awareness of negative emotions at initial assessment was negatively associated with better coping at initial assessment. The use of both, positive and negative emotions, had predictive power with regards to improved coping at the time of the final assessment; however, the negative emotions were less influential. In conclusion, the results of the current study indicated that further exploration of the construct resilience needs to take positive and negative emotions into consideration as important predictors of the coping process. The interplay between positive and negative emotions at different times in individuals\' lives and their impact on recovery from a traumatic event are explored in the context of self psychology focusing on integration and compartmentalization.
Keywords: Psychology, Resourcefulness, Trauma, Coping, Emotions, Resilience, Motor vehicle accident