Abstract: Objectives: First, to identify the core Electronic Health Records (EHR) functionalities available to physicians who work in private and public health care facilities in Trinidad and Tobago and the extent to which physicians are using each function. Second, to understand the rate of adoption of Electronic Health Records in private and public hospitals/clinics, and finally, to identify the barriers to adoption of Electronic Health Records in private and public hospitals/clinics in Trinidad and Tobago. Background: The two largest public hospitals in Trinidad and Tobago, Port of Spain General Hospital and San Fernando General Hospital, utilized paper medical records. In Trinidad and Tobago, there is little known about the EHR functions available and being used, adoption rates, and barriers to adoption of EHR in the private and public sectors. Method: Electronic Health Records (n = 130) questionnaires were sent to number of health care practices in the private and public facilities in the five regions of Trinidad and Tobago, in order to understand availability and use of EHR, adoption rates, and barriers to the use of EHR. Results: The most commonly available function for the private and public physicians was Health Information and Data with respective scores of 58% and 29%. Sixty-three percent of the private physicians who adopted EHR reported using the Result Management and Order Management functions. The public physicians who had adopted EHR reported they were not utilizing the Decision Support, Result Management, and Order Management functions. There was no statistical difference between private and public physicians for the available and used functions. A total of 53 private and 19 public physicians responded to the survey (55% response rate). Thirteen (25%) private physicians reported adopting EHR and 2(11%) public physician reported adoption of EHR. Private and public physicians cited start-up cost and technical limitations of systems as the barriers to their practices\' adoption of EHR. Conclusion: Findings showed the same availability and use of core functionalities, as well as adoption rate among the private and public facilities, and slightly fewer barriers in the private practices. A larger sample is merited to understand if there is any statistically significant difference between the two groups.
Keywords: Ehr,Electronic health record,Electronic medical record,Emr,Health care in trinidad and tobago, Medical informatics