تاثیر عوامل landscape- و در مقیاس ایستاده در جوامع مرغی در اکوسیستم کاج باز
Abstract: Identifying species occurrence in ecosystems of high conservation concern is especially important in the context of modern landscapes. This study investigated how stand-scale and landscape-scale factors affect priority birds associated with longleaf pine (Pinus palutris ) ecosystems. Herein, I compared priority bird occupancy among 12 stand types throughout the historic range of longleaf pine. I found open pine stands positively influenced red-cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis ) and Bachman\'s sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis ) occupancy, but were not significantly linked to northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus ) and brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla ) occurrence. Landscape- and stand-scale factors affected red-cockaded woodpecker, Bachman\'s sparrow, and brown-headed nuthatch occupancy. Northern bobwhite occupancy was influenced solely by landscape-scale factors. Red-cockaded woodpecker and Bachman\'s sparrow were positively influenced by metrics associated with longleaf pine ecosystems suggesting they are effective indicator species. My analysis indicates that using this multi-scale approach is valuable to identifying areas on the landscape of conservation and restoration priority.